Related conventions

Other Biodiversity related conventions

The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) seeks to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants in whatever form, does not threaten their survival. CITES provides protection at different levels to more than 30,000 species of animals and plants. Swaziland acceded to CITES on 26th February, 1997.

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The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS), also called the Bonn Convention seeks to conserve terrestrial, aquatic and avian migratory species throughout their range. It is the only global convention specializing in the conservation of migratory species, their habitats and migration routes. Swaziland acceded to the CMS on 1st January 2013

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The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Ramsar Convention) is an intergovernmental treaty that provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and associated resources. The Convention is founded on the wise use concept defined as “the maintenance of the ecological character. This is to be achieved through the implementation of ecosystem approaches, within the context of sustainable development.
The Ramsar Convention is unique in that it is the only global environmental treaty that deals with a particular ecosystem.

Swaziland acceded to the Ramsar Convention on 15th February 2013.

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The World Heritage Convention was adopted by the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) on 16 November, 1972. It attempts to link conservation of nature with cultural preservation.  The Convention places an obligation on member states to identify, protect, conserve, present and ensure transmission to future generations of the cultural and natural heritage protected under its provisions. Swaziland ratified the Convention on 30 November 2005.

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The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) seeks to protect cultivated and wild plants by preventing the introduction and spread of pests. In Swaziland, the IPPC is co-ordinated by the Department of Agricultural Research, Ministry of Agriculture.

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The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) is aimed at the conservation and sustainable use of (PGRFA) as well as the fair and equitable sharing of benefits accruing from their use in harmony with the CBD for sustainable agriculture and food security. The Treaty was adopted at the 31st session of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Conference in November, 2001 and entered into force in June 2004. Swaziland signed the ITPGR on 10 June 2002 but only recently deposited her instrument of ratification making her the 128th Party to the Treaty.

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Genetic resources or material of real or potential value for food and agriculture contained in plants