Overview of biodiversity
Biological diversity (biodiversity) refers to the total variation of life forms from all sources including dry land, rivers and other freshwater systems as well as the sea and oceans.
This includes the whole range of living organisms i.e. microorganisms, plants, fungi and animals. Three levels of variation are recognized:
i. Genetic diversity: Genetic variation arises because all living things possess a unique set of genes that makes them different from all others. For example, differences between breeds of dogs have arisen because of differences in their genetic makeup. Even different individuals of the same breed still show differences among them, again because each individual has a unique genetic makeup / . Genetic diversity therefor includes all the different genes contained in living organisms.
The value of biodiversity
Biodiversity is essential for human life. It enriches the quality of human lives in many ways. We derive a range of services and benefits which are both tangible and intangible from biodiversity. Read more >