Key Provisions of the CBD

The full text of the CBD can be found on The provisions of the CBD can be categorised into a number of groups for convenience. These include the following:

A.   Rights of Contracting Party States

  • Sovereign rights to exploit their resources in line with their own environmental policies, laws etc.

B.   Responsibilities / Obligations of Contracting Party States

  • Responsibility to ensure that activities within their jurisdiction or control do not cause damage to the environment of other States or of areas beyond the limits of national jurisdiction
  • Development of measures for national implementation of the Convention through strategies, action plans and/or programmes and further ensuring that these are integrated into sectoral and cross-sectoral planning and also mainstreamed into national planning processes.
  • Periodic reporting on the implementation of the Convention.
  • Promoting public awareness and education on issues related to conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.

C.   Measures for Biodiversity Conservation

  • Identification and monitoring
    • Identification and monitoring components of biological diversity that are important for conservation and sustainable use
    • Identification and monitoring processes and activities that are likely to have adverse impacts on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity
    • Maintenance of databases of information on important components and processes and activities that are likely to have an impact on biological diversity
  • Facilitation and support for in-situ conservation of biological diversity by:
    • Establishing a system of protected areas
    • Regulation and management of biological resources both within and outside protected areas,
    • Protection of ecosystems, rehabilitation of degraded ecosystems
    • Facilitating safe use of biotechnology
    • Maintenance and preservation of knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities embodying traditional lifestyles relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity.
  • Ex-situ conservation
    • Adoption of measures for ex-situ conservation mainly within the country of origin,
    • Recovery and reintroduction of threatened species into their natural habitat,
    • Regulation and management of collections of biological resources for ex-situ conservation,
  • Sustainable Use of Components of Biological Diversity